In June 1851, the faculty of the Law School was enlarged when James P. Holcombe joined John B. Minor as a professor. Although a native of Virginia, Holcombe’s parents had left their home in Lynchburg to settle in Indiana in order to raise their younger sons in a state free from slavery. They not only freed their own enslaved persons (15 in total) before leaving but even refused a large inheritance because it included enslaved persons. Holcombe eventually moved to Cincinnati to practice law.
At UVA, Holcombe became the strongest supporter of secession among the University faculty. Holcombe was remembered as “an orator of unusual power.” He resigned in March 1861 to become a candidate for membership in the Secession Convention, where he was elected. As Philip Bruce describes in The History of the University of Virginia, 1819-1919, “The brooding peace of the arcades, the calm dignity of the teacher’s platform, the varied charms of literature, the bonds of intellectual friendship,--all were left behind, in the spirit of a medieval knight, as he withdrew from the precincts to put his great talents at the disposal of the new-born nationality.”
Although census records do not show exactly how many enslaved persons Holcombe owned, Holcombe’s writings and speeches reveal him as an unwavering supporter of slavery. He used his own interpretations of moral and legal philosophy to justify the practice of slavery in the United States as is reflected in student notes from his lectures. In an 1858 address to the Virginia State Agricultural Society titled “Is Slavery Consistent with the Natural Law?” Holcombe stated that in a state of nature it would still be the duty of the white race to “reduce the negro to subjection.” Holcombe became a representative to the Confederate Congress in 1861 and did not return to the University after the war. He died in 1873
An Introduction to Equity Jurisprudence on the Basis of Story's Commentaries (Derby, Bradley & Co., 1846).
Barton's History of a Suit in Equity from Its Commencement to Its Final Termination (Derby, Bradley & Co., 1847).
A Selection of Leading Cases Upon Commercial Law Decided in the Supreme Court of the United States (D. Appleton, 1847).
A Digest of the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States (D. Appleton, 1848).
The Law of Debtor and Creditor in the United States and Canada (D. Appleton & Co., 1848).
A Compendium of Mercantile Law (with William Y. Gholson) (D. Appleton, 1850).
Barton’s History of a Suit in Equity: From Its Commencement to Its Final Termination (R. Clarke, rev. ed. 1859).
Is Slavery Consistent with Natural Law?, 27 S. Literary Messenger 401-421 (1858).
An Address Delivered Before the Society of Alumni, of the University of Virginia, at Its Annual Meeting (Macfarlane & Fergusson, 1853).
Sketches of the Political Issues and Controversies of the Revolution (Virginia Historical Society, 1856).
An Address Delivered Before the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Virginia State Agricultural Society (Macfarlane & Fergusson, 1858).
The Election of a Black Republican President: An Overt Act of Aggression on the Right of Property in Slaves (C.H. Wynne, 1860).