John Anthony Gardner Davis became the Law School’s second professor at the young age of twenty-eight. A native of Middlesex County, Virginia, he was once called by the president at his alma mater, the College of William and Mary, “likely to be the most distinguished man of his time, in Virginia.” He was admitted to the bar in 1822. While practicing as a lawyer in Charlottesville, Davis enrolled in a science course at the university in 1825, becoming one of its first alumni. Davis also served as the secretary of the Board of Visitors prior to being elected professor of law. Like his predecessor, he advocated a strict interpretation of the Constitution, following that of Jefferson and Madison. He, too, saw the need for the study of the law to include a broad-ranging liberal education. Davis served as chairman of the faculty for five years and authored the widely-used Treatise on Criminal Law, and Guide for Justices of the Peace, the first complete treatment of Virginia criminal law. He was the first of several law professors to reside in Pavilion X on the Lawn.
One of his key contributions to the curriculum of the School of Law was to divide it into a junior class and a senior class: the junior course included studies that “form an essential part of a liberal professional education” while the senior course was “exclusively occupied with the study of the theory and practice of the Law as a profession.” The Law Society was created in 1833 under Davis’ instruction in order to train students in legal investigations, forensic debates, and the practical aspects of the legal profession. The Alumni Bulletin of the University of Virginia noted in 1895, “Characteristic of Professor Davis was the blended tact and benignity which marked his intercourse with his students, and that paternal interest he manifested, especially, but by no means exclusively, to those in his class. In sickness they were often removed to his house, and nourished with tenderest care. In their troubles, he was a sympathizing and judicious advisor.” In 1840, Davis stepped outside his pavilion on the East Lawn to investigate a disturbance, and was shot and killed by a rioting student when he attempted to remove the student’s mask. The student body’s response to the murder of Davis contributed to the creation of the university’s honor system.
A Treatise on Criminal Law, with an Exposition of the Office and Authority of Justices of the Peace in Virginia; Including Forms of Practice (Sherman, 1838).
A Lecture on the Constitutionality of Protecting Duties, Delivered in the University of Virginia (Cary & Watson, 1832).
An Exposition of the Principles Which Distinguish Estates Tail from Other Limitations (Tompkins & Noel, 1837).