Listed below are databases with PDF images of the types of sources you’re likely to be gathering. For cite checking purposes, downloading a PDF image is as good as having photocopied from the hardbound material yourself (so long as you're getting the PDF from a trusted source). Access these databases, both on and off-grounds, using the links in the righthand column of this guide and on the Law Library's homepage:
WestlawNext has PDFs of cases printed in West’s hard copy reporters (e.g., Federal 2d, Atlantic 2d, Southeastern 2d). Pull up your case in WestlawNext, and click on the “original image” PDF link next to the case name.
HeinOnline has PDFs of Supreme Court decisions from the U.S. Reports. It also has United Kingdom cases printed in the English Reports (Eng. Rep.) from 1220-1827.
Statutes and regulations
HeinOnline has the U.S. Code (2006 ed. and earlier versions; current 2012 ed. is in the Library's Reference Stacks, with titles still incoming), U.S. Statutes at Large (1789-2009, 111th Cong. 1st Session), C.F.R. (1938-2013), and Federal Register (1936-to date).
The Government Printing Office’s documents website FDsys has PDFs of the C.F.R. (1996-2013), and Federal Register (1994-to date).
ProQuest Congressional has a comprehensive collection of committee reports, the Congressional Record and its predecessors, and congressional hearings beginning with 1824.
HeinOnline also has the Congressional Record and its predecessors starting in 1789.
FDsys has bills (starting 103rd Congress, 1993-94).
Congressional committee reports are supposed to be parallel cited to the U.S. Code Congressional and Administrative News (U.S.C.C.A.N.) (Bluebook Rule 13.4). U.S.C.C.A.N. is available in hard copy in the Library's Reference stacks.
You can also link from Google Scholar to articles in U.Va. databases: click “find this @ UVA libraries” next to the article:
The Law School Library gets the New York Times, Washington Post, Financial Times, Wall Street Journal, Richmond Times-Dispatch and Daily Progress every day, and keeps them in the Klaus Reading Room for one or two months. If you need earlier articles, Alderman has the New York Times and Washington Post on microform, and Darden has the Wall Street Journal. Use our Journal Finder to locate other newspapers at U.Va. For older newspaper articles try:
ProQuest Historical Newspapers has the Chicago Tribune (1849-1988),Los Angeles Times (1881-1988), New York Times (1851-2008), Wall Street Journal (1889-1994), and Washington Post (1877-1995) in searchable PDF.
America’s Historical Newspapers has selected issues of newspapers from cities nationwide, 1690-1991. Go to the “Newspaper Titles” tab to search within a particular publication.
Nineteenth Century Newspapers has selected issues of 19th Century newspapers from across the country.
Documents from Court Cases (petitions, briefs, indictments, etc.)
In WestlawNext, check the “filings” tab for PDF images of parties’ briefs.
BloombergLaw’s dockets database pulls federal court case documents directly from PACER, and also has documents from some state courts.
For Supreme Court cases, try SCOTUSblog’s “merits cases” section for PDFs of briefs back to the 2007 Term, the American Bar Association website’s links to merits briefs from terms back to 2003, and the Making of Modern Law subscription database for cases from 1832-1978.
Parties, especially organizations filing amici curiae briefs in a case, sometimes post their briefs on their website - Google!
Go first to Virgo, the U.Va. libraries' online card catalog, to find hard copies of books, journals, newspapers, and congressional documents here at U.Va. A combination of title/author keywords in the basic search box usually works, but don’t give up if your first search doesn’t show the result you need. Try another search with simpler keywords; also try the advanced search screen. Virgo results are ordered by relevance. Click on the hyperlink for the item for its location, availability, and a map of where it is in the stacks. Here are some Virgo tips:
If an item is “unavailable” (Virgo-speak for checked out), click the “request unavailable item” link to recall it. The person who has it should return it within 10 days.
If an item is in “Ivy” (the library storage facility), click the “request items from Ivy” link; delivery usually takes just a couple of days.
If Virgo says a book is on the shelf, but it’s not, first check to see if another cite-checker has it or if it is stashed it in your journal’s carrel. Then check around the photocopiers, the re-shelving truck near the Reference Desk, and the re-shelving trucks at the Circulation Desk.
If a book, bound journal volume, or microform you need is in a Main Grounds libraries, the Law School Library’s Student Delivery Service can pick it up for you and deliver it to the Law Library circulation desk. Request up to two items at a time, and allow 2-3 days.
Remember to check out UVA books to your journal’s carrel before putting them in there! Note that ILL books cannot be checked out to a carrel.
If a book, book chapter, or journal article you need isn’t at U.Va., you can request it through Interlibrary Loan (ILL). Here’s how:
This guide has quick tips to help you locate sources for your cite check and deal with hard-to-find sources and tricky citations.
Law Journal Articles via HeinOnline
Law and Other Disciplines
(Print, microfilm, and eJournals)
(online journals only)
Index to Legal Periodicals