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Our History: Former Faculty: Dillard, Hardy Cross (1927-1970)

Tenured faculty at the University of Virginia School of Law through its history.

Hardy Cross Dillard, 1927-1970

DillardHardy Cross Dillard spent one year of his undergraduate career at the University of Virginia before transferring in 1920 to the U.S. Military Academy. Upon graduation in 1924, he returned to the University of Virginia to study law, where he was an outstanding student and an editor of the Virginia Law Review. After graduation in 1927, he accepted the invitation to serve as acting professor at the Law School for several years. He then spent a year practicing law in New York and a year as a Carnegie Endowment Fellow at the University of Paris before returning to teach law at Virginia where he would remain a member of the faculty until retiring in 1968. In 1963 he began a five-year term as dean.

Dillard taught and wrote on the subjects of contracts, international law, and jurisprudence, among others. In 1932, he taught the law school’s first class in International Law. In time he became one of the best loved and most respected members of the Law School community in the twentieth century. Dillard proved to be a colorful, outgoing and beloved professor and dean. He was described by colleague T. Munford Boyd as “a happy scholar.” During the turbulent years following the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Dillard took a leadership role in opposing Virginia's advocates of massive resistance. Through the 1960s Dillard worked determinedly in support of the integration of Virginia's public schools. In tandem with his career in legal education, Dillard had a military career. In 1942 he offered his service to the U.S. Army and quickly achieved the rank of colonel, serving in Europe and the Far East. For many years after the war, he held various advisory positions at the National War College and the U.S. Air Force Academy. A few years after his retirement from UVA, he was appointed judge on the International Court of Justice at The Hague where he served until 1979. Dillard died in 1982. A prize was created in his name to be awarded to the author of the best student note in a current volume of the Virginia Journal of International Law.

An extensive collection of Dillard's judicial, professional and personal papers is available in Special Collections.

Publications

Articles and Book Chapters

Western Germany and the West, 27 Va. Q. Rev. 334-351 (1951).

Nationalism: Midcentury Puzzle, 28 Va. Q. Rev. 532-546 (1952).

Conflict and Persuasion, 29 Va. Q. Rev. 351-368 (1953).

Power and Persuasion: The Role of Military Government, 42 Yale Rev. 212-225 (1953).

Should the Constitution Be Amended to Limit the Treaty-Making Power?, 26 S. Cal. L. Rev. 373-385 (1953).

The Job of a JAG Officer, 25 Okla. B.A.J. 1603-1605 (1954).

The Treaty-making Controversy: Substance and Shadow, 30 Va. Q. Rev. 178-191 (1954).

Product Liability: Directions for Use and the Duty to Warn (with Harris Hart, II), 41 Va. L. Rev. 145-182 (1955); reprinted in 390 Ins. L.J. 475-494 (1955).

The United States and China: The Problem of Recognition, 44 Yale Rev. 180-195 (1955).

The Annual Survey of Virginia Law: Contracts, 42 Va. L. Rev. 1162-1172 (1956).

Some Aspects of Law and Diplomacy, 91 Recueil des Cours 445-552 (1957).

The Annual Survey of Virginia Law: Contracts, 44 Va. L. Rev. 1361-1370 (1958).

The Comity of Nations, W. World, Aug. 1958, at 49-52.

The Annual Survey of Virginia Law: Contracts, 46 Va. L. Rev. 1626-1638 (1960).

World Peace Through Law, 1960 Proc. Ass’n Am. L. Sch. 38-58.

Freedom of Choice and Democratic Values, 38 Va. Q. Rev. 410-435 (1962).

A Tribute to Philip C. Jessup and Some Comments on International Adjudication, 62 Colum L. Rev. 1138-1146 (1962).

Conflict and Change: The Rôle of Law, 57 Am. Soc’y Int’l L. Proc. 50-67 (1963).

Law and Learning, 49 Va. L. Rev. 647-659 (1963).

Supplementary Comment on the Humanities and the Law, 17 J. Legal Educ. 68-72 (1964).

Law and Conflict: Some Current Dilemmas, 24 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 177-204 (1967).

Minds and Moods, 44 Va. Q. Rev. 51-60 (1968).

CLE Around the Country: A Quasi-Charismatic Proposal, Prac. Law., Nov. 1969, at 12-13, 92-94.

Status of South-West Africa (Namibia) – A Separate Opinion, 6 Int’l Law 409-427 (1972).

The World Court – An Inside View, 67 Am. Soc’y Int’l L. Proc. 296-305 (1973).

The World Court: Reflections of a Professor Turned Judge, 27 Am. U. L. Rev. 205-250 (1978).

Law, Policy and the World Court – Attacking Some Misconceptions, 17 Willamette L. Rev. 13-25 (1980).

The ICJ Decisions and Other Public International Law Issues, in The Iran Crisis and International Law 6-12 (Robert D. Steele ed., John Bassett Moore Society of International Law, 1981).

Other

Review of Harley, International Understanding, 6 Temp. U. L.Q. 442-444 (1932).

Review of Pufendorf, Elementorum Jurisprudentiae Universalis Libri Duo, 18 Va. L. Rev. 925-927 (1932).

Review of Bitter & Zelle, No More War on Foreign Investments, 19 Va. L. Rev. 757-759 (1933).

Review of Dunn, The Protection of Nationals, 19 Va. L. Rev. 426-429 (1933).

Review of Gentili, De Iuri Belli Libri Tres, 20 Va. L. Rev. 253-255 (1933).

Review of Hudson, The Permanent Court of International Justice, 21 Va. L. Rev. 134-136 (1934).

Review of Cooper, American Consultation in World Affairs for the Preservation of Peace, 23 Geo. L.J. 947-952 (1935).

Review of Pufendorf, De Jure Naturae et Gentium Libri Octo, 21 Va. L. Rev. 722-723 (1935).

Review of 29 Revue De Droit Maritime Comparé, 83 U. Pa. L. Rev. 816-818 (1935).

Review of Seasongood, Cases on Municipal Corporations, and Stason, Cases on Municipal Corporations, 22 Va. L. Rev. 110-113 (1935).

Neutrality Dilemmas (reviewing Dulles & Armstrong, Can We Be Neutral?), 12 Va. Q. Rev. 625-627 (1936).

Review of Friedmann, The Contribution of English Equity to the Idea of an International Equity Tribunal, 24 Geo. L.J. 502-504 (1936).

Review of Hudson, By Pacific Means, 22 Va. L. Rev. 367-368 (1936).

Review of Kulsrud, Maritime Neutrality to 1780, 23 Va. L. Rev. 100-102 (1936).

Review of Page, Cases and Readings on Contracts, 25 Geo. L.J. 240-243 (1936).

Review of Hudson, Cases on International Law, 2d ed., 23 Va. L. Rev. 495-496 (1937).

Review of Scott & Jaeger, Cases on International Law, 2d ed., 15 N.Y.U. L. Q. Rev. 608-609 (1937).

Review of Borchard & Lage, Neutrality for the United States, 24 Va. L. Rev. 347-351 (1938).

Review of Goble, Cases and Materials on Contracts I, 32 Ill. L. Rev. 640-641 (1938).

Review of Levy, Cardozo and Frontiers of Legal Thinking, 25 Va. L. Rev. 256-259 (1938).

Two Liberal Justices (reviewing Hellman, Benjamin N. Cardozo, and Frankfurter, Law and Politics), 16 Va. Q. Rev. 466-469 (1940).

Good Talk and a Great Friendship (reviewing Howe, Holmes-Pollock Letters), 17 Va. Q. Rev. 471-473 (1941).

Review of Fuller, The Law in Quest of Itself, 27 Va. L. Rev. 568-571 (1941).

Some Books on International Law and Related Subjects, 2 Reading Guide 101-111 (1947).

Jurisprudence – Partial Inventory of Recent Books, 3 Reading Guide 199-215 (1948).

Law, Justice, and the Good Life (reviewing Simpson & Stone, Law and Society; Wormser, The Law; Frank, Courts on Trial; and Cahn, The Sense of Injustice), 26 Va. Q. Rev. 292-297 (1950).

Review of Wormser, The Law, 36 Va. L. Rev. 134-137 (1950).

Review of Kennan, American Diplomacy, 1900-1950, 6 Reading Guide 74-76 (1951).

Diplomacy and the National Interest (reviewing Morgenthau, In Defense of the National Interest, and Kennan, American Diplomacy, 1900-1950), 28 Va. Q. Rev. 156-160 (1952).

Review of Cohen & Cohen, Readings in Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy, 38 Va. L. Rev. 703-708 (1952).

Review of Corbin, The Law of Contracts, 5 J. Legal Educ 387-392 (1953).

The Concept of Silence: Moral vs. Political Duty, Va. L. Wkly., Feb. 25, 1954, at 1, 3-4; reprinted in 5 Va. L. Wkly. Dicta 82-89 (1953-54).

Review of Roberts & Wilson, Britain and the United States, 9 Reading Guide 10-13 (1954).

Foreign Policy: Difficulties and Dilemmas (reviewing Marshall, The Limits of Foreign Policy; Kennan, Realities of American Foreign Policy; Northrop, European Union and United States Foreign Policy; Finletter, Power and Policy; and Slessor, Strategy for the West), 31 Va. Q. Rev. 141-147 (1955).

Separation of Powers: A Realistic Appraisal, Va. L. Wkly., June 13, 1955, at 1, 4-6; reprinted in 6 Va. L. Wkly. Dicta 61-66 (1954-55).

3-10 Virginia Bar News (editor) (Virginia State Bar, 1955).

Reports on Regional Meetings: American Points of View and Practice: Summary and Report, 50 Am. Soc’y Int’l L. Proc. 29-36 (1956).

Review of Hartman, The Relations of Nations, 52 Am. J. Int’l L. 558-560 (1958).

The Policy-Oriented Approach to Law (reviewing McDougal et al., Studies in World Public Order; McDougal & Feliciano, Law and Minimum World Public Order; McDougal & Burke, The Public Order of the Oceans; and McDougal et al., Law and Public Order in Space), 40 Va. Q. Rev. 626-632 (1964); reprinted in 19 Reading Guide 56-59 (1964).

In Memoriam: Felix Frankfurter: Preliminary Remarks, 51 Va. L. Rev. 547-548 (1965).

Commentary, 21 U. Miami L. Rev. 532-535 (1967).

A Tribute to Charles O. Gregory, 53 Va. L. Rev. 759-762 (1967).

Roundtable on Curriculum Reform: Comment, 20 J. Legal Educ. 413-417 (1968).

Symposium – The Constitution and the Use of Military Force Abroad: Introduction, 10 Va. J. Int’l L. 32-36 (1969).

Quincy Wright: An Appreciation, 11 Va. J. Int’l L. 3-4 (1970).

T. Munford Boyd – an Appreciation, 56 Va. L. Rev. 734-738 (1970).

Myres S. McDougal: Profound Scholar, Creative Innovator, Genial Humanist, 1 Denv. J. Int’l L. & Pol’y 9-12 (1971).

Clarence Morris, 121 U. Pa. L. Rev. 426 (1973).

Dedication to Carl McFarland, 61 Va. L. Rev. 1545-1552 (1975).

Marion Kellogg – An Appreciation, 16 Va. J. Int’l L. 1-3 (1975).

Frances Farmer, 63 Va. L. Rev. 349-351 (1977).

Herbert Wechsler, 78 Colum. L. Rev. 953-956 (1978).